Shareholder Resolution 


A resolution passed by the shareholders’ meeting is known as a shareholders’ resolution. A resolution is only considered legally effective in the Netherlands if it satisfies all applicable legal requirements as well as those outlined in the association’s bylaws. Certain Articles of Association may stipulate that a qualified majority is needed for a particular resolution (instead of a simple majority). A quorum is required in several circumstances.

Only when the shareholders meeting is called properly is a resolution valid. This requires that the meeting be summoned in advance via letter or, in some cases, email, and that the notification include the agenda for the meeting.

Any shareholder resolution that doesn’t follow the law or the articles of organisation is void or subject to annulment by a judge.

Among other things, the acceptance of the annual accounts, dividend distribution, and the appointment of directors are among the issues that are decided upon by shareholders’ resolution. A shareholders’ resolution is also necessary for the articles of organisation to be changed.

 1. Shareholder Resolutions

Usually, in order to change one of the following papers, a shareholder resolution is necessary:

Business bylaws

• The shareholders agreement

• Additional unrelated corporate documents

A shareholder resolution may also be asked for in order to change the corporate directors or to buy, sell, or issue stock.

Basically, a stockholder resolution paper should be attached to any significant update or decision. Despite the fact that shareholder resolutions are simply advisory, they are frequently used as a spur to alter corporate board policy. A shareholder resolution is a written record of the decisions made by a corporation’s stockholders.

An individual stockholder who wishes to submit a shareholder resolution must be the owner or beneficiary of at least $2,000 worth of common stock and must have held the stock for at least a year. The resolution must also be pertinent to the organisation and connected to a matter on which the board can act. Prior to the subsequent annual shareholder meeting, shareholders may forward shareholder resolutions to the company’s management. The resolutions might deal with:

• Policies and practices of the business

• Social and environmental issues

• Governance in the workplace

Many people believe that shareholder resolutions are a crucial tool for enhancing corporate responsibility and discouraging unethical or unsustainable business practises. Shareholder resolutions frequently fall short of the required number of votes to compel change, but they succeed in convincing management to support the change because they have a sizable following. Resolutions are restricted to 500 words and must be filed 120 days before the annual proxy statement is published.

The Securities Exchange Act of 1934’s Section 14a-8 governs the inclusion of shareholder recommendations in proxy statements. If the stockholder proposal does not satisfy the SEC’s requirements after the corporation receives it, it may choose to exclude the resolution from the proxy statement. The corporation must submit a notice of omission to the SEC at least 60 days prior to the release if it wants to remove the resolution from the proxy statement. If the omission of the resolution is justifiable, the SEC will inform the corporation. When a resolution satisfies the SEC’s requirements, it is incorporated into the proxy statement that will be distributed to investors.

The bulk of stockholder votes are cast using proxies. Therefore, the majority of votes are cast before the annual gathering. A formal vote will be held after the shareholder who proposed the motion presents it at the meeting. If the resolution is unsuccessful, the SEC may restrict how often it can be brought up in the future. On the other hand, the board of directors will be informed and advised as a result of the resolution’s success. Historically, shareholder resolutions have been put up to persuade the board on the following issues:

• The Social

• The environment

• Integrity

• People’s rights

Keep in mind that a shareholder resolution differs greatly from a corporate resolution. A corporate resolution is a choice made by the board of directors that must be followed by the company as a whole. This can occasionally be unclear in companies when stockholders also act as directors.

2. SEC Norms on Subject Matter and Format of Resolutions

According to SEC regulations, shareholder recommendations must be no more than 500 words, contain no inaccurate or misleading information, and not be motivated by personal grudges. A proposal cannot cover routine company matters like hiring and firing, providing benefits to employees, or selling merchandise. Every plan must address important public problems, such as those relating to social or governmental policies or the environment.

To properly introduce the resolution, the stockholder who proposed it must be present at the annual meeting. Resolutions that are not presented will often be handled as if they were never filed. Corporations seeking to thwart resolutions frequently object by disputing the scope or substance of the proposal. environmental-related

In these kinds of disputes, the SEC will serve as a mediator and mediate by sharing information with the parties. The SEC will be the sole arbiter of whether the resolution will be included in the proxy statement or not.

-Popular FQA-

  1. What is Resolution for Incorporation?

    A resolution for incorporation is a document approving the following that is signed by all shareholders:

    The business’s incorporation into ADGM

    • Designation of a person qualified to submit an application for incorporation to the ADGM

    • Designation of authorized signers

    • The selection of directors

    • The selection of a business secretary (note that this is only mandatory for Public Company Limited by Shares).

    • Approval of the Association’s Articles.

    2. Do I need a resolution for shareholder?

    Yes. A shareholder resolution must be attached to each and every application for incorporation.

    3. I am registering a branch; do I require a resolution?

    Yes. You require a resolution that has been approved by the board of directors of the foreign business that is requesting to open a branch in Dubai

    3. How to apply the shareholders resolution?

    • Download the sample resolution here.

    If your business is a private limited company and:

    • If you are the sole shareholder, download the Sole Shareholder Resolution template.

    • If you have multiple shareholders, download the Multiple/Individual Shareholder Resolution template.

    • If your shareholder is a corporation, download the template for a corporate shareholder resolution.

    If you are a Private Company Guarantee:

    • Your shareholder is more than one person/individual founding members, please download the Multiple/Individual Founding Members Resolutions template.

    If your business is a private one, promise:

    • If you have several shareholders or individual founding members, download the template for Multiple/Individual Founding Members Resolutions.

    If a branch of you:

    Download the Branch Registration Resolution template to register your branch.

    If your business is a private one, promise:

    • If you have several shareholders or individual founding members, download the template for Multiple/Individual Founding Member’s Resolutions.

    If a branch, you are:

    Download the Branch Registration Resolution template to register your branch.

    • Fill in the blanks on the template with the information from the highlighted texts.

    • Publish the resolution.

    • Scan and provide a copy of the resolution approving incorporation in the shareholder section of the application for incorporation as proof of the appointment of authorized signatories and directors.

    4. Can I use Arabic resolution?
    No, it is a standard norm that all paperwork submitted to the Registrar must be written in English and delivered in English. You may also submit documents that are bilingual in English and Arabic.

    If your company is a private one limited by shares and you are:

    • Is owned solely by one person; in this case, the sole shareholder must sign the resolution.

    • If there is more than one shareholder, all of them must sign the resolution.

    • Has a shareholder that is a corporation; all of the corporation’s directors (or the necessary quorum, if applicable) must sign the resolution.

    5. Who shall sign the resolution?

    If your business is a private limited company by guarantee:

    • The resolution shall be executed by the founding members.

    6. Are you a Branch?

    • The resolution must be signed by all of the foreign company’s directors (or the necessary quorum, as applicable).

    7. Is the notarization of the resolution required?

    The notarization of resolutions is not necessary.

    Please don’t hesitate to get in touch with us if you need legal drafting services.
    Legal drafting services for board resolutions are not very prevalent in the UAE or any of its regions, including Dubai. The most successful legal drafting services are provided by BACT For Business Consultants in the United Arab Emirates. Additionally, we offer attestation services for a wide range of files, including legal, financial, and business documents.


For more information visit our Business Consultations  or Company Formation in UAE, visit


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